List of Arakanese monarchs

MonarchReignRelationshipNotes
Mara Yu2666-2604First King of Arakan and founding father of Arakanese Nation who descended from Ganges Valley, later established Dhanyawadi Kingdom.
Mara Zi I2604–2572son
Mara Onlin2572–2519son 
Mara Rwaylin2519–2471son 
Mara Bin2471–2416son 
Mara Zi II2416–2383son 
Mara Kin2383–2351son 
Nga Sha Po2351–2330 usurper
Dwara Sanda2330–2290 son of Mara Kin
Thola Sanda2290–2257son 
Sanda Thuriya Sanda2257–2220son 
Kala Sanda2220–2180son 
Ti Sanda2180–2149son 
Madhutha Sanda2149–2129son 
eya Sanda2129–2089nephew 
Mokkha Sanda2089–2063son 
Gunna Sanda2063–2051son 
Three Nobles2051–2050 usurpers; reigned 7 days, 3 months, and 8 months successively
Kan Raza I2050–2009 grandson of Gunna Sanda
Kan Raza II2009–1973brother 
Athurinda Thuriya1973–1938uncle 
Tharameta1938–1880son 
Thuriya1880–1849son 
Min Thi1849–1827brother 
Min Ba1827–1805son 
Si Aung1805–1777son 
Tataingthin1777–1746brother 
Kyaw-Khaung Win1746–1715son 
Thuriya Nandameit1715–1694son 
Athu Yindabaya1694–1663son 
Letya Sithugyi1663–1631son 
Thihaka1631–1588son 
Min Bun Than1588–1557son 
Thayet Hmwe1557–1508son 
Zeya Nandathu1508–1457son 
Tekkathu1457–1411son 
Lekkhana1411–1374son 
Gunnarit1374–1326son 
Thiwarit1326–1285son 
Min Hla Hmwe1285–1254son 
Marinda1254–1192son 
Theiddat Kumara1192–1170son 
Min Hla I1170–1123son 
Min Hla II1123–1099brother 
Nga Sarit1099–1061son 
Myet-hna Wun1061–1030son 
Let Thut Kyi1030–1003son 
Thiri Kamma Thunda1003–972brother 
Nanda Kotabaya972–945son 
Min Nan Phyu945–925son 
Min Manu925–897son 
Minkhaung897–878son 
Laukkhaung Raza878–838son 
Min Nge Pyaw-Hla-Si838–832son 
Three nobles832–825 usurpers

The following is a list of monarchs of Arakan. The dates before the Mrauk-U period (1429–1785) are unattested.

Dhanyawadi

First Danyawaddy (2666–825 BCE)

MonarchReignRelationshipNotes
Mara Yu2666-2604First King of Arakan and founding father of Arakanese Nation who descended from Ganges Valley, later established Dhanyawadi Kingdom.
Mara Zi I2604–2572son
Mara Onlin2572–2519son
Mara Rwaylin2519–2471son
Mara Bin2471–2416son
Mara Zi II2416–2383son
Mara Kin2383–2351son
Nga Sha Po2351–2330usurper
Dwara Sanda2330–2290son of Mara Kin
Thola Sanda2290–2257son
Sanda Thuriya Sanda2257–2220son
Kala Sanda2220–2180son
Ti Sanda2180–2149son
Madhutha Sanda2149–2129son
Zeya Sanda2129–2089nephew
Mokkha Sanda2089–2063son
Gunna Sanda2063–2051son
Three Nobles2051–2050usurpers; reigned 7 days, 3 months, and 8 months successively
Kan Raza I2050–2009grandson of Gunna Sanda
Kan Raza II2009–1973brother
Athurinda Thuriya1973–1938uncle
Tharameta1938–1880son
Thuriya1880–1849son
Min Thi1849–1827brother
Min Ba1827–1805son
Si Aung1805–1777son
Tataingthin1777–1746brother
Kyaw-Khaung Win1746–1715son
Thuriya Nandameit1715–1694son
Athu Yindabaya1694–1663son
Letya Sithugyi1663–1631son
Thihaka1631–1588son
Min Bun Than1588–1557son
Thayet Hmwe1557–1508son
Zeya Nandathu1508–1457son
Tekkathu1457–1411son
Lekkhana1411–1374son
Gunnarit1374–1326son
Thiwarit1326–1285son
Min Hla Hmwe1285–1254son
Marinda1254–1192son
Theiddat Kumara1192–1170son
Min Hla I1170–1123son
Min Hla II1123–1099brother
Nga Sarit1099–1061son
Myet-hna Wun1061–1030son
Let Thut Kyi1030–1003son
Thiri Kamma Thunda1003–972brother
Nanda Kotabaya972–945son
Min Nan Phyu945–925son
Min Manu925–897son
Minkhaung897–878son
Laukkhaung Raza878–838son
Min Nge Pyaw-Hla-Si838–832son
Three nobles832–825usurpers

Second Danyawaddy (825 BCE–146 CE)

MonarchReignRelationshipNotes
Kan Raza III825–788
Thila Raza788–740son
Wasa Thura740–709son
Nandawi Thura709–669son
Puna Thuriya669–637son
Thuranda637–614son
Sandima614–577son
Thiri Sanda577–537son
Thiha Ran537–491brother
Thiha Nu491–471son
Payaka471–440son
Nela Gun440–399son
Rohaha Gun399–368son
Thiri Gun368–344son
Thamaza344–309nephew
Kummara309–289son
Thet Htin Phyu289–249son
Tha Bin U249–207son
Teza Wun207–171brother
Munzayaba171–137son
Kummara Withuddi137–50uncle
Wathu Mun Dala50–16son
Thurinda16 BCE–15 CEson
Ralamayu15–37brother
Nalamayu37–68son
Wada Gun68–90son
Withu Raza90–111son
Thiri Raza111–146son

Third Danyawaddy (146–788)[edit]

MonarchReignRelationshipNotes
Sanda Thuriya146–198
Thuriya Dipati198–245son
Thuriya Patipat245–298son
Thuriya Rupa298–313son
Thuriya Mandala313–375son
Thuriya Wunna375–418son
Thuriya Natha418–459son
Thuriya Wuntha459–468son
Thuriya Banda468–474son
Thuriya Kalyana474–492son
Thuriya Mokkha492–513son
Thuriya Teza513–544son
Thuriya Ponnya544–552son
Thuriya Kala552–575son
Thuriya Pabba575–600son
Thuriya Sitya600–618son
Thuriya Thehta618–640son
Thuriya Wimala640–648son
Thuriya Renu648–670brother
Thuriya Gantha670–686son
Thuriya Thagya686–694uncle
Thuriya Thiri694–714son
Thuriya Kethi714–723son
Thuriya Kutta723–746son
Thuriya Ketu746–788son

Waithali (788–1018)

MonarchReignRelationshipNotes
Maha Taing Sanda788–810
Thuriya Taing Sanda810–830son
Mawla Taing Sanda830–849son
Pawla Taing Sanda849–875son
Kala Taing Sanda875–884son
Tula Taing Sanda884–903son
Thiri Taing Sanda903–935son
Thinkha Taing Sanda935–951son
Chula Taing Sanda951–957son
Amyahtu957–964Chief of Myu people
Pe Phyu964–994nephew
Nga Pin Nga Ton994–1018son of Chula Taing Sanda

Lemro (1018–1430)

Pyinsa (1018–1103)

MonarchReignRelationshipNotes
Khittathin1018–1028grandnephew of Chula Taing Sanda
Sandathin1028–1039brother
Min Yin Phyu1039–1049son
Naga Thuriya1049–1052son
Thuriya Raza1052–1054
Ponnaka1054–1058
Min Phyugyi1058–1060
Sithabin1060–1061usurper
Min Nangyi1061–1066son of Min Phyugyi
Min Lade1066–1072
Min Kala1072–1075
Min Bilu1075–1078
Thinkhaya1078–1092usurper
Min Than1092–1100son
Min Pati1100–1103son

Parin (1103–1167)

MonarchReignRelationshipNotes
Letya Min Nan1103–1109grandson of Min BiluPagan nominee; 1118 ascension per Pagan dates
Thihaba1109–1110son
Razagyi1110–1112
Thagiwin I1112–1115
Thagiwin II1115–1133
Kawliya1133–1153
Datharaza1153–1165
Ananthiri1165–1167

Khrit (1167–1180)

MonarchReignRelationshipNotes
Minonsa1167–1174brother
Pyinsakawa1174–1176son
Keinnayok1176–1179son
Salinkabo1179–1180usurper

Second Pyinsa (1180–1237)

MonarchReignRelationshipNotes
Misuthin1180–1191son of Pyinsakawa
Ngaranman1191–1193son
Ngapogan1193–1195son
Ngarakhaing1195–1198
Ngakyon1198–1201
Ngasu1201–1205
Swe Thin1205–1206
Minkhaung I1206–1207
Minkhaung II1207–1208
Kabalaung I1208–1209
Kabalaung II1209–1210
Letya I1210–1218
Letya II1218–1229
Thanabin1229–1232
Nganathin1232–1234
Nganalon1234–1237

Launggyet (1237–1406)

MonarchReignRelationshipNotes
Alawmaphyu1237–1243son
Razathu I1243–1246son
Saw Lu1246–1251son
Uzana I1251–1260son
Saw Mon I1260–1268son
Nankyagyi1268–1272son
Min Bilu1272–1276son
Sithabin I1276–1279usurper
Min Htee1279–1374son of Min BiluGuiness Book of Record has recorded for world’s longest reigning King for 95 years as of 2002. He succeeded his father to become a king of Arakan during Leymro Era House of Launggyet at the age of 5.
Saw Mon II1373–1380Ava’s nominee
Saw Me1380–1385Ava’s nominee
Uzana II1385–1387of the royal blood
Thiwarit1387–1390brother
Thinhse1390–1394brother
Razathu II1394–1395son
Sithabin II1395–1397usurper
Myinhseingyi1397usurper
Razathu1397–1401restored
Theinkhathu1401–1404brother
Saw Mon III1404–1406nephewson of Razathu II

Interregnum (1406–1429)

North Arakan

NameImageReign FromReign UntilRelationship with predecessor(s)
Anawrahtaafter 29 November 1406March 1408Ava’s vassal
Min Khayi or Min Saw MonMarch 1408early 1411Hanthawaddy’s vassalMin Khayi per Rakhine Razawin Thit; Min Saw Mon, per Razadarit Ayedawbon
Thray Sithu1408 [sic]1409 [sic]Vassal ruler of Ava per Rakhine Razawin Thit’; Not found in Burmese chronicles, which say Arakan was not under Ava rule during this period
Letyaearly 1411early 1412Governor-general of North Arakan (Ava’s vassal)
Naranu141218 April 1429Ruler at Launnggyet (Hanthawaddy’s vassal to 1421)
Kyaswa14131416Ruler at Khway-Thin Taung (Ava’s vassal) according to Rakhine Razawin Thit’; not found in Burmese chronicles

Sandoway (Thandwe)[edit]

NameImageReign FromReign UntilRelationship with predecessor(s)
Sokkateearly 1411early 1412Governor-general of Sandoway (Ava’s vassal)
Thon-Ywa-Za1412?1436?Hanthawaddy’s vassal to 1421
Saw Yin MiSaw Yandameit Baya Minye1436?1437Co-regents

Mrauk-U (1429–1785)

The reign dates are per the Arakanese chronicle Rakhine Razawin Thit (Sandamala Linkara Vol. 2 1931), converted into Western dates using (Eade 1989). (Some Arakanese chronicles state the foundation of the kingdom a year later, 1430. Moreover, the end of the kingdom is given per Burmese records, 2 January 1785. Arakanese records give a day earlier, 1 January 1785.)

NameImageReign FromReign UntilRelationship with predecessor(s)
Narameikhla18 April 14299 May 1433Founder
Ali Khan9 May 1433c. January 1459Brother
Ba Saw Phyuc. January 14595 August 1482Son
Dawlya5 August 1482c. February 1492Son
Ba Saw Nyoc. February 1492c. January 1494Uncle, son of Khayi
Ran Aungc. January 1494c. July 1494Nephew, son of Dawlya
Salingathuc. July 1494February 1502Maternal uncle
RazaFebruary 1502c. November 1513Son
Gazapatic. November 1513January 1515Son
Saw OJanuary 1515July 1515Granduncle; brother of Salingathu
ThazataJuly 1515c. April 1521Son of Dawlya
Minkhaungc. April 152127 May 1531Younger Brother
Min Bin27 May 153111 January 1554Son of Min Raza
Dikkha11 January 15546 March 1556Son
Saw Hla6 March 155624 July 1564Son
Sekkya24 July 15647 February 1572Brother
Hpalaung7 February 15724 July 1593Son of Min Bin
Razagyi4 July 15934 July 1612Son
Khamaung4 July 161214 May 1622Son
Thiri Thudhamma14 May 162229 May 1638Son
Sanay29 May 163817 June 1638Son
Narapati17 June 163813 December 1645Great grandson of Min Bin
Thado13 December 1645c. May 1652Son
Sanda Thudhammac. May 165211 June 1674Son
Thiri Thuriya11 June 167416 April 1685Son
Wara Dhamma16 April 168520 June 1692Brother
Mani Dhamma20 June 169220 December 1694Elder brother
Sanda Thuriya I20 December 16944 August 1696Brother
Nawrahta4 August 169618 August 1696Son
Mayuppiya18 August 169613 May 1697Usurper
Kalamandat16 May 16975 June 1698Usurper
Naradipati5 June 169817 June 1700Son of Sanda Thuriya
Sanda Wimala I18 June 170030 March 1707Grandson of Thado
Sanda Thuriya II3 April 1707September 1710Grandson of Sanda Thudhamma
Interregnum ~2 months
Sanda WizayaNovember 1710April 1731Usurper
Sanda Thuriya IIIApril 17311734Son-in-law
Naradipati II17341735Son
Narapawara1735September 1737Usurper
Sanda WizalaSeptember 173725 March 1738Cousin
Madarit28 March 17386 February 1743Brother
Nara Apaya6 February 174328 October 1761Uncle
Thirithu28 October 17613 February 1762Son
Sanda Parama3 February 17621 May 1764Brother
Apaya1 May 176417 January 1774Brother-in-law
Sanda Thumana17 January 17745 May 1777Brother-in-law
Sanda Wimala II6 May 17775 June 1777Usurper
Sanda Thaditha5 June 17771 December 1782Usurper
Maha Thammada2 December 17822 January 1785Usurper

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:a b c RRT Vol. 2 1999: 10
  2. ^ Pan Hla 2005: 240